Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into useful form of energy like using wind turbines to make electrical power, mechanical power, water pumping or drainage, or sails to propel ships.
Wind power expanded by almost 20% in 2012 around the world to reach a new peak of 282 gigawatts (GW) of total installed capacity, while solar power reached more than 100GW. These two sources of energy will definitely help Earth go greener.
The leading markets in Wind power in terms of new installed capacity in 2008 were the US and China. There has been tough competition between Europe and North America regarding the growth of wind power with Asia chasing them in quick pace.
The massive growth in the US wind market increased the nation’s total wind power generating capacity by 50%. The new wind projects completed in 2008 accounted for about 42% of the entire new power-producing capacity and thus it created 35,000 new jobs, for a total of 85,000 employed in this sector in the US.
More than 21,607 wind turbines are located in the German federal area and the country is planning to build more wind turbines. As of 2011, Germany’s federal government is working on a new plan for increasing renewable energy commercialization. Wind power in Germany provides over 96,100 people with jobs and German wind energy systems are also exported
As of 2011, Denmark is generating more than a quarter of its electricity from wind and 83 countries around the world are using wind power on a commercial basis.
When it comes to Asia, China holds the pole position in wind power followed by India, though the margin is vast. Chinese government has identified the development of wind energy as one of the key economic growth areas. China expects to nearly double its new installed capacity.
China leads the world with 77GW installed and the US is second with 60GWs. India has about 2 GW installed. The UK now ranks sixth in the world in wind power with 8.5GW. In Europe, only Germany (31GW) and Spain (23GW) are wind power giants.
African nations have been slow to adapt wind energy, but the first large wind farm was installed in Ethiopia in 2012, and it is predicted that Africa will also soon be competing with the above heavy weight wind power giants.
Wind power is the leading power source for new generation capacity, according to the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA).
There is a huge and growing global demand for emissions-free wind power, which is easy to install, virtually everywhere in the world. Wind energy is the only power generation technology that cut the CO2 emission affecting the greenhouse factor. A great step ahead to breath fresh in the future years.